10 frequently asked Web Designer Interview Questions

If you are looking to building a career as a Web Designer, here are some of the frequently asked questions in a Web Designer’s job interview. To succeed in the interview, you need a sound knowledge of web page coding and design.
1. What are the most commonly used languages and platforms for website design?
The following are the main languages or platforms used for web designing:
• HTML which stands for Hypertext Markup Language that helps design the base template.
• CSS which stands for Cascading Style Sheets is used for styling the pages.
• JS which is JavaScript is used to code the functionality.
• PHP or Personal Home Page which is used for server-side scripting.
2. What is HTML?
HTML is Hypertext Markup Language which is the most used language for making web pages or websites.
3. What is the function of CSS in web design?
CSS or Cascading Style Sheets are needed to give the look and feel of any website. They help in the management of font styles, sizes and color combinations that are required for web pages. One change in the CSS file will cause a change to the entire website because web pages retrieve data every time and then display it.
4. What is an external style sheet?
An external style sheet is a document that contains the style information for many web pages or HTML files. The external CSS is normally linked via the LINK tag that comes under the HEAD element. This external CSS with the elements must have the relevant extensions such as style.css.
5. Differentiate between HTML elements and HTML tags?
HTML elements are used to communicate with the browser to render text. HTML tags are elements surrounded by angular brackets. HTML tags surround the text and come in pairs.
6. What is Semantic HTML?
Semantic HTML denotes a coding style where the tags indicate the semantics of text that is to be conveyed. For e.g.,  it denotes bold text, denotes italics and so on. Semantic HTML only represents formatting without any structure or meaning.
7. Explain the term DOCTYPE.
The term DOCTYPE conveys to the browser what type of HTML must be used on a web page. In turn, the browser uses DOCTYPE to determine how a page must be rendered. Not using DOCTYPE may load the page in the incorrect mode.
8. Explain the difference between Standard Mode and Quirks Mode.
Quirks mode is a compatibility mode that may be different in each browser. This causes inconsistent appearance in different browsers.
Standard mode is a consistent mode of display used across all browsers.
9. What are the shortcomings of XHTML pages?
XHTML has poor browser support. Internet Explorer and other browsers cannot parse XHTML into XML.
10. How do you insert comments into HTML code without text being picked up?
For inserting comments into HTML code, you have to put them in between and<–!>.

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