Sinuses are air-filled cavities within the skull bone. These hollow spaces in the skull are situated in cheek bones, forehead, behind the bridge of the nose and between the eyes. Another set is situated in the upper region of the nose and behind the eyes. All the sinuses have the same lining that is present in the nose. This lining produces mucus, which is drained out of the sinuses through an opening in the nose.
When a person has cold or an allergy, swelling in the nose and sinuses can cause the drainage to get blocked. This results in the mucus being trapped in the sinuses, leading to the growth of bacteria and viruses; the inflammation of these sinuses is known as sinusitis.
Causes of Sinusitis
1. Infections- Sinusitis can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus that swells and blocks the sinuses.
3. Polyps (growths)
4. A deviated septum. The septum is the line of cartilage that divides the nose. A deviated septum means that it isn’t straight, so that it is closer to the nasal passage on one side of the nose, causing a blockage.
5. A weak immune system from illness or medications.
Signs and symptoms of Sinusitis
The Symptoms of acute sinusitis include:
1. Facial pain
2. Stuffy nose
4. Running nose
6. Bad breath
7. Dental pain & Fatigue
The Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis
2. Nasal blockage
3. Pus-filled nasal cavity
4. Running nose.
1. X-ray PNS water’s view- Shows congestion and hypertrophy of mucous membrane.
2. Serum IgE – Elevated levels indicate allergy.
3. Allergy test for environmental , drug and food allergens- Specify the stimulus for allergic reaction.
1. Arsenicum album- Watery nasal discharge with thirst for small quantities of water at a time. Restlessness and Fatigue accompany the complaints 2. Silicea: For sinus infections with headache after exposure to cold air.
3. Belladonna: For throbbing sinus headache with suppressed discharge and redness of face.
4. Kali bichromicum : For sinusitis with thick,stringy discharge dropping back into throat.
5. Merc Sol: For sinusitis with yellow-green nasal discharge with burning.
6. Pulsatilla: For green nasal discharge without any burning.
7. Sticta: For Sinus Infections with Nasal Blockage, heavy feeling at root of nose and dry cough.
1. Steam inhalation
2. Deep breathing exercises